Battle of the Ardennes, 1914

BATTLE OF THE ARDENNES – WWI 21–23 August 1914 SUMMARY The Battle of the Ardennes was one of the battles that comprised the Battle of the Frontiers during the first month of WWI.  The battle was by accident as the French 3rd and 4th Armies unexpectantly met the German 4th and 5th Armies in the […]

Battle of the Somme, 1916

BATTLE OF THE SOMME – WWI 1 July – 18 November 1916 SUMMARY The largest battle of WWI, and also the bloodiest with 1 million casualties, the Battle of the Somme was fought in 3 phases over 4 months.  The battle was part of the British offensive to push through the German lines along a […]

Battle of Belleau Wood, 1918

BATTLE OF BELLEAU WOOD – WWI 1–26 June 1918 SUMMARY The first large-scale American battle of WWI was the Battle of Belleau Wood.  Two U.S. Army Divisions, a Marine Brigade, along with French and British troops, went on the offensive and repelled elements from 5 German Divisions from their defensive positions in the French woods […]

Siege of Tsingtao, 1914

SIEGE OF TSINGTAO – WWI 31 October – 7 November 1914 SUMMARY In the first engagement between Japanese and German forces, 20,000 Japanese troops with 140 artillery pieces allied with 1,500 British troops and naval support to attack 4,000 German marines and sailors at the Chinese port of Tsingtao.  It was the first Anglo-Japanese operation […]

Battle of Cantigny, 1918

BATTLE OF CANTIGNY – WWI 28 May 1918 SUMMARY In the first major American battle of WWI, an estimated 4,000 United States “doughboys,” supported by French tanks, artillery, and flamethrowers took the French village of Cantigny from an unknown number of German troops.  The Americans were able to defend against German counter-attacks for the next […]

American Revolution

American Revolution

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION—1775-1783 Also known as the American War for Independence and the American Revolutionary War, this conflict between the Continental Army and its allies against Great Britain and her allies resulted in the defeat of an empire and the birth of a new nation. THE THIRTEEN COLONIES Originally British territories in North America since […]

Vietnam War

Vietnam War

THE VIETNAM WAR—1954-1975 THE FRENCH BEGINNING From 1883-1945, Vietnam was part of colonial French Indochina. In 1949, France creates the State of Vietnam in the south as communists take control of the north. French defeated at Dien Bien Phu in 1959; ending French colonialism in Indochina. COMMUNISM In 1954, the Vietnam conflict begins when the […]

Battle of Ia Drang, 1965

BATTLE OF IA DRANG – VIETNAM WAR 14 November – 18 November 1965 SUMMARY In the first true battle of the Vietnam War, an estimated 2,500 North Vietnamese soldiers were met by about 1,000 United States Army cavalry troops being transported into battle for the first time by helicopter.  After a nearly week-long battle, both […]

VIETNAM WAR

Battle of Fire Support Base Ripcord, 1970

BATTLE OF FIRE SUPPORT BASE RIPCORD – VIETNAM WAR 12 March – 23 July 1970 SUMMARY An estimated 25,000 North Vietnamese soldiers attacked 4 battalions of the United States Army’s 101st Airborne Division in a 4 ½ month battle that ended with the U.S. abandoning Fire Support Base Ripcord. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND As part of Operation […]

TET OFFENSIVE

Tet Offensive, 1968

TET OFFENSIVE – VIETNAM WAR 30 January – 23 September 1968 SUMMARY Between 323,000 – 595,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces attacked more than 100 cities, villages and military installations in South Vietnam as part of the Tet Offensive (so named because it occurred during the lunar New Year known as “Tet”).  More than […]

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