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American Revolution

American Revolution

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION—1775-1783 Also known as the American War for Independence and the American Revolutionary War, this conflict between the Continental Army and its allies against Great Britain and her allies resulted in the defeat of an empire and the birth of a new nation. THE THIRTEEN COLONIES Originally British territories in North America since […]

Agrigentum

The Battle of Agrigentum, 262BC

THE BATTLE OF AGRIGENTUM  262BC SUMMARY The Battle or Agrigentum was the first engagement of the Punic Wars. Vying for control of Sicily, the Romans successfully laid siege to the city of Agrigentum and soundly defeated Carthaginian reinforcements. BACKGROUND Rome and Carthage had slowly been building their forces in Sicily while responding to local disputes. […]

THE BATTLE OF AGRIGENTUM 

Battle of Alesia, 52BC

BATTLE OF ALESIA – GALLIC WAR 52BC SUMMARY The final decisive battle of the Gallic wars, Alesia saw Julius Caesar’s forces surround and finally defeat Vercingetorix’s army at a hill fort. BACKGROUND Having been elected to take control of the main Gaul army, Vercingetorix attacked Caesar’s legions but was repelled and forced to withdraw to […]

BATTLE OF THE ARAR

The Battle of Arar, 58BC

BATTLE OF THE ARAR – GALLIC WAR 58BC SUMMARY The Battle of the Arar was more an ambush than an engagement, but is notable as the first combat of the Gallic wars. Responding to the requests of the Aeudui tribe for Roman assistance in stopping the Helvetii migration, Caesar met the Helvetii people in a […]

THE BATTLE OF WILTON

Ashdown, Battle of, 871

THE BATTLE OF ASHDOWN – VIKING INVASION 8th January 871 SUMMARY This was a battle fought between the Wessex Saxons and the Vikings —-oOo—- BACKGROUND  A Viking force had recently taken Reading. The Saxons had tried to storm the city gates but had failed. They had regrouped on the Berkshire Downs near Ashdown. —-oOo—- LOCATION Ashdown, Berkshire, England […]

THE BATTLE OF ARSUF

Arsuf, Battle of, 1191

THE BATTLE OF ARSUF – THIRD CRUSADE 7th September 1191 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the forces of the Third Crusade forces led by Richard I of England and the forces of Saladin —-oOo—- BACKGROUND The army of the Third Crusade had captured Acre earlier in 1191. They now pushed south towards […]

THE BATTLE OF ALNWICK

Alnwick, Battle of, 1093

THE BATTLE OF ALNWICK 13th November 1093 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the attacking Scottish army led by King Malcolm Canmore and an English army led by King William II. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND After the Norman invasion and conquest of England in 1066, King Malcolm Canmore hoped to extend his territory by making […]

BATTLE OF ASSANDUN

Assandun, Battle of, 1016

BATTLE OF ASSANDUN – VIKING INVASION 18th October 1016 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the attacking Danish army led by Canute and a defensive English army led by Edmund Ironside. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND The English had been subject to a succession of Danish challenges for more than 200 years. The reign of Aethelred […]

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