American Revolution

American Revolution

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION—1775-1783 Also known as the American War for Independence and the American Revolutionary War, this conflict between the Continental Army and its allies against Great Britain and her allies resulted in the defeat of an empire and the birth of a new nation. THE THIRTEEN COLONIES Originally British territories in North America since […]

Vietnam War

Vietnam War

THE VIETNAM WAR—1954-1975 THE FRENCH BEGINNING From 1883-1945, Vietnam was part of colonial French Indochina. In 1949, France creates the State of Vietnam in the south as communists take control of the north. French defeated at Dien Bien Phu in 1959; ending French colonialism in Indochina. COMMUNISM In 1954, the Vietnam conflict begins when the […]

Battle of Ia Drang

Battle of Ia Drang, 1965

BATTLE OF IA DRANG – VIETNAM WAR 14 November – 18 November 1965 SUMMARY In the first true battle of the Vietnam War, an estimated 2,500 North Vietnamese soldiers were met by about 1,000 United States Army cavalry troops being transported into battle for the first time by helicopter.  After a nearly week-long battle, both […]

Battle of Fire Support Base Ripcord

Battle of Fire Support Base Ripcord, 1970

BATTLE OF FIRE SUPPORT BASE RIPCORD – VIETNAM WAR 12 March – 23 July 1970 SUMMARY An estimated 25,000 North Vietnamese soldiers attacked 4 battalions of the United States Army’s 101st Airborne Division in a 4 ½ month battle that ended with the U.S. abandoning Fire Support Base Ripcord. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND As part of Operation […]

Tet Offensive, 1968

Tet Offensive, 1968

TET OFFENSIVE – VIETNAM WAR 30 January – 23 September 1968 SUMMARY Between 323,000 – 595,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces attacked more than 100 cities, villages and military installations in South Vietnam as part of the Tet Offensive (so named because it occurred during the lunar New Year known as “Tet”).  More than […]

Battle of Khe Sanh

Battle of Khe Sanh, 1968

BATTLE OF KHE SANH – VIETNAM WAR 21 January – 9 July 1968 SUMMARY Around 40,000 U.S. Marines and their allies fought an estimated 20,000-30,000 North Vietnamese regulars in the longest and bloodiest battle of the Vietnam War.  The Battle of Khe Sanh was part of the Tet Offense and was the first time the […]

Battle of Hamburger Hill

Battle of Hamburger Hill, 1969

BATTLE OF HAMBURGER HILL – VIETNAM WAR 10 MAY-23 MAY 1969 SUMMARY The U.S. Army’s 101st Airborne Division with nearly 3,000 troops assaulted Hill 937; and took it from the occupying 1260 soldiers of the North Vietnamese 29th Regiment in a 13-day battle.  In the course of battle, the U.S. forces dropped 1,088 ½ tons […]

Battle of Bunker Hill

Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775

BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL – AMERICAN REVOLUTION 17 JUNE 1775 SUMMARY The Battle of Bunker Hill was an early battle of the American Revolution near Boston, Massachusetts where a lack of ammunition doomed the Americans to a defeat, but at a heavy cost for the British. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND After learning that the British planned on […]

Battle of Lexington and Concord

Battle of Lexington and Concord, 1775

BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD – AMERICAN REVOLUTION 19 APRIL 1775 SUMMARY The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolution and included the “the shot heard round the world.”  A surprising American victory that bolstered the confidence of the American colonists. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND Following orders of Gen. Thomas Gates, […]

Battle of Saratoga

Battle of Saratoga, 1777

BATTLE OF SARATOGA – AMERICAN REVOLUTION 19 SEPTEMBER and 7 OCTOBER 1777 SUMMARY The Battle of Saratoga was actually two battles fought 18 days apart that led to the surrender of British General John Burgoyne and 6,222 British and German troops.  —-oOo—- BACKGROUND British General John Burgoyne invaded New York from Canada and seized Fort […]

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