Arsuf, Battle of, 1191

Battle of Arsuf

THE BATTLE OF ARSUF – THIRD CRUSADE

7th September 1191

SUMMARY

This was a decisive battle fought between the forces of the Third Crusade forces led by Richard I of England and the forces of Saladin

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BACKGROUND

The army of the Third Crusade had captured Acre earlier in 1191. They now pushed south towards Jerusalem which they wanted to free from Muslim control and put in Christian control. The forces of Saladin were determined to prevent the fall of Jerusalem. The two armies met on 7th September at Arsuf north of Jerusalem.

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LOCATION

Arsuf, Israel

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THE FORCES OF THE THIRD CRUSADE

Led by
King Richard I of England

Supported by
Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
Guy of Lusignan Garnier de Nablus
Robert de Sablé

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THE SARACENS

Led by
Saladin

Supported by
Saphadin,
Ala ad-Din of Mosul Musek,
Great Emir of the Kurds

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THE BATTLE

The forces of the Third Crusade were subjected to successive attacks by the forces of Saladin. Richard wanted to draw out the main Saracen army and so instructed his forces not to counter-attack. The group of Knights Hospitallers were repeatedly attacked and eventually counter-attacked. Richard spotted their counter-attack and ordered the entire crusade force to attack Saladin. The Muslims suffered heavy losses and were defeated.

RESULT

Decisive victory for the crusaders

—-oOo—-

CONSEQUENCE

Richard was able to take Jaffa. However, further Saracen attacks meant he was unable to take Jerusalem

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