Month: July 2015

THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS

Hastings, Battle of, 1066

THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS – NORMAN CONQUEST 14th October 1066 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between an advancing Norman army led by William Duke of Normandy and a defensive Saxon Army led by Harold Godwinson. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND William, Duke of Normandy had spent much time with Edward the Confessor during the latter’s exile […]

THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG

Gettysburg, Battle of, 1863

THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG – AMERICAN CIVIL WAR BATTLE 1st – 3rd July 1863   SUMMARY The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant battle of the American Civil War and saw a decisive victory for the Union army —-oOo—- BACKGROUND After securing victory for the Confederates at Chancellorsville, Robert E Lee decided to make a second […]

THE BATTLE OF ARSUF

Arsuf, Battle of, 1191

THE BATTLE OF ARSUF – THIRD CRUSADE 7th September 1191 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the forces of the Third Crusade forces led by Richard I of England and the forces of Saladin —-oOo—- BACKGROUND The army of the Third Crusade had captured Acre earlier in 1191. They now pushed south towards […]

THE BATTLE OF ALNWICK

Alnwick, Battle of, 1093

THE BATTLE OF ALNWICK 13th November 1093 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the attacking Scottish army led by King Malcolm Canmore and an English army led by King William II. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND After the Norman invasion and conquest of England in 1066, King Malcolm Canmore hoped to extend his territory by making […]

BATTLE OF EDGEHILL

Fulford, Battle of, 1066

THE BATTLE OF FULFORD – VIKING INVASION 20th September 1066 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between an advancing Norwegian force led by Harald Hardrada and an English force led by Earls Morcar and Edwin. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND Harald Hardrada, King of Norway, believed that he had a legitimate claim to the English throne because […]

BATTLE OF TRENTON

Edgehill, Battle of, 1642

BATTLE OF EDGEHILL – ENGLISH CIVIL WAR 23rd October 1642 SUMMARY This battle was the first pitched battle of the English Civil War. Royalist and Parliamentarians. It was the Royalists that forced the battle by moving down the hill towards the Parliamentarians. Neither side was able to make significant gains and the battle was a […]

THE BATTLE OF DUNSINANE

Dunsinane, Battle of, 1054

THE BATTLE OF DUNSINANE 27th July 1054 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the forces of Malcolm Canmore and Macbeth —-oOo—- BACKGROUND Macbeth had taken the throne from King Duncan in 1040. Duncan’s son was aged 9 years at the time and sought refuge with his uncle Siward, Earl of Northumberland. —-oOo—- LOCATION […]

FIRST BATTLE OF CAMBRAI

Cambrai, First Battle of, 1917

FIRST BATTLE OF CAMBRAI – WORLD WAR ONE 20th November – 3rd December 1917 SUMMARY This battle was an inconclusive battle that is noted for being the first to use tanks en masse. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND The British army were keen to try out a masse tank attack on German lines believing that the new weapon […]

BATTLE OF ASSANDUN

Assandun, Battle of, 1016

BATTLE OF ASSANDUN – VIKING INVASION 18th October 1016 SUMMARY This was a decisive battle fought between the attacking Danish army led by Canute and a defensive English army led by Edmund Ironside. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND The English had been subject to a succession of Danish challenges for more than 200 years. The reign of Aethelred […]

Site created March 22nd 2013. Info@UnderstandingWars.com