Cambrai, First Battle of, 1917

FIRST BATTLE OF CAMBRAI

FIRST BATTLE OF CAMBRAI – WORLD WAR ONE

20th November – 3rd December 1917

Battle of Cambrai

SUMMARY

This battle was an inconclusive battle that is noted for being the first to use tanks en masse.

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BACKGROUND

The British army were keen to try out a masse tank attack on German lines believing that the new weapon would easily break through the German defence. Cambrai had seen relatively little action to this date and so German defences had not been breached or weakened thus proving a good test for the tank.

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LOCATION

Cambrai, France

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THE BRITISH

Supported by Newfoundland and USA
led by Sir Julian Byng

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THE GERMANS

led by Georg von der Marwitz

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RESULT

The British success on the first day of the battle proved the worth of the tank. However, the Germans quickly recovered from their initial surprise at how easily their defences could be breached. The battle saw gains and losses on both sides which meant that the battle was inconclusive.

 

Pictures Source: pixabay.com

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