Gettysburg, Battle of, 1863

Battle of Gettysburg

THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG – AMERICAN CIVIL WAR BATTLE

1st – 3rd July 1863

Battle of Gettysburg courtesy Adam Cuerden

 

SUMMARY

The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant battle of the American Civil War and saw a decisive victory for the Union army

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BACKGROUND

After securing victory for the Confederates at Chancellorsville, Robert E Lee decided to make a second attack in the North. Food supplies were stretched in the South and Lee hoped that success in the North would enable his army to feed off the rich northern farms. General Joseph Hooker of the Union army was instructed to pursue  the Confederates. Hooker was relieved by George Meade on June 27th. On 1st July the Confederate and Union army met at Gettysburg.

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LOCATION

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, United States

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THE UNION ARMY

Led by
George G Meade

Supported by
John F Reynolds

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THE CONFEDERATE ARMY

Led by
Robert E Lee

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RESULT

A decisive victory for the Union Army

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CONSEQUENCE

The Confederate army returned South and never again ventured to attack the Northern States. Confederate morale dipped to an all time low and men were reluctant to fight. This marked the turning point of the American Civil War.

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