Battle of Bunker Hill, 1775

Battle of Bunker Hill


17 JUNE 1775

Battle of Bunker Hill


The Battle of Bunker Hill was an early battle of the American Revolution near Boston, Massachusetts where a lack of ammunition doomed the Americans to a defeat, but at a heavy cost for the British.



After learning that the British planned on taking the hills surrounding Boston, Massachusetts, Militia General Artemis Ward ordered earthen redoubts built on Bunker Hill located on the Charlestown Peninsula overlooking the North side of Boston Harbor.  On the night of 16 June 1775, Colonel William Prescott led 1,000 militiamen to the smaller Breed’s Hill just South of Bunker Hill and worked throughout the night building the redoubts.



Breed’s Hill, Boston, Massachusetts, United States



Led by

Major General William Howe


Brigadier General Robert Pigot


Major John Pitcairn (Killed in Action)

Death of Pitcairn

Captain William Glanville

Supported by

General, Sir Henry Clinton

HMS Lively, HMS Falcon, HMS Somerset, HMS Glasgow, HMS Symmetry, and 2 floating batteries



Led by

General Artemis Ward


Major General Israel Putnam


Colonel William Prescott

“Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes!”–Prescott

Colonel Richard Gridley

Dr. Joseph Warren (Killed in Action)

Death of Dr. Warren

Supported by

Colonel John Stark, commanding 800 New Hampshire Militiamen

Colonel Jonathan Brewer, Colonel John Nixon, Colonel Moses Little, Colonel Thomas Knowlton, Colonel Ephraim Doolittle and Colonel Ebenezer Bridge



A costly victory for the British Army.  British Major Pitcairn (who led the British at Lexington and Concord) was killed in action as was American Dr. Joseph Warren.

Battle of Bunker Hill



Although the British were victors, they suffered heavy losses.  226 were killed in action while 828 were wounded.  The Americans, although defeated, lost only 140 killed and 301 wounded. The British took the hill, but only temporarily as they were to give up the ground by the year’s end.  The British learned a valid military lesson about the value of flanking attacks and would use them in almost every additional battle.  Even though the Americans lost the battle, it was a morale booster as it taught them that the American determination could stand up to the more superior British forces.  The British learned that the American war would last longer than previously thought.

Please follow and like us:
  • Tags: ,

Related articles

The Battle of Bibracte

The Battle of Bibracte, 59BC

THE BATTLE OF BIBRACTE – GALLIC WARS 58BC SUMMARY While pursuing the fleeing Helvetii after the Battle of the Arar, Roman supplies began to run low. They were forced to turn back from their pursuit of the Helvetii people. The Helvetii took this as an opportunity to follow and harass the Roman legions. Seeing the […]

Battle of Stamford Bridge

Stamford Bridge, Battle of 1066

THE BATTLE OF STAMFORD BRIDGE – VIKING INVASION 25th September 1066 SUMMARY The forces of Harold Godwinson defeated the forces of Harald Hardrada and Tostig Godwinson. —-oOo—- BACKGROUND In 1066 Edward the Confessor had died childless. Harold Godwinson had been crowned King but Harald Hardrada and William of Normandy both thought they should be King. Hardrada […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Site created March 22nd 2013.