The Standard, Battle of 1138

THE BATTLE OF THE STANDARD – THE ANARCHY

22nd August 1138

SUMMARY

This was a battle fought between David I of Scotland and an English army raised by Archbishop Thurstan of York. The battle was named because the English fought round a wagon bearing the banners of the northern saints.

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BACKGROUND

After the death of Henry I in 1135 , Stephen of Blois had been crowned King over Matilda, Henry I’s daughter. Matilda had raised a force, commanded by her half-brother Robert of Gloucester. King David of Scotland had declared support for Matilda.

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LOCATION

Cowton Moor, Northallerton, Yorkshire, England

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THE SCOTS

Led by
King David I

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THE ENGLISH

Led by
William of Aumale

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RESULT

English victory

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CONSEQUENCE

Stephen maintained his hold on England

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