Brunanburh, Battle of 937

THE BATTLE OF BRUNANBURH – VIKING INVASION

October 937

SUMMARY

This was a battle fought between Aethelstan of England and the allied armies of Constantine II of Scotland, Owain of Strathclyde and Olaf Guthfrithson of Dublin

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BACKGROUND

Aethelstan had taken York from the Vikings in 927 and received the submission of Ealdred of Bamburgh, Constantine of Scotland and Owain of Strathclyde. In 934 Aethelstan invaded Scotland with a large force. The reason for this move is unclear but it is likely that Constantine broke the peace of 927.

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LOCATION

exact location unknown

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ANGLO SAXONS

LED BY
Aethelstan

SUPPORTED BY
his brother Edmund

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SCOTS ALLIANCE

LED BY
Constantine II of Scotland
Olaf Guthfrithson of Dublin
Owain of Strathclyde

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THE BATTLE

The armies of the Scots alliance invaded England, possibly through the River Humber. Aethelstan and Edmund marched to meet them. The battle was the largest battle ever fought on English soil up to that point and lasted all day. After some fierce fighting the Saxons eventually broke the opposing shield wall and won the battle.

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RESULT

Anglo-Saxon Victory

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CONSEQUENCE

The Anglo-Saxon victory managed to keep England united.

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